Views:21 Author:Site Editor Publish Time: 2019-08-21 Origin:Wikipedia
The chemical revolution, also known as the first chemical revolution, was a breakthrough in early modern chemistry, the climax of which was the law of conservation of mass and the theory of combustion of oxygen. In the 19th and 20th centuries, this revolution was thought to be the work of the French chemist Anton Van Loren de Lava (the father of modern chemistry). However, recent research on the history of modern chemistry has taught that the chemical revolution (including the gradual change and practice of chemical theory) has been around for more than two centuries. The so-called scientific revolution took place in the 16th and 17th centuries, and the chemical revolution took place in the 17th and 18th centuries.
Several factors have led to this revolution. First, the gravimetric method developed from alchemy and the emergence of new types of medical and industrial instruments. In this embarrassing environment, chemists began to challenge the hypothesis put forward by ancient Greek scholars. For example, chemists began to assert that the composition of all matter is more complicated than the four elements of the Greeks or the eight elements of the Middle Ages. Irish chemist Robert Boe proposed the foundation of the chemical revolution and published his mechanistic microparticle philosophy, based on the alchemy corpus theory datingback to the pseudo-Jabilic scientific method.
Other plants included new experimental techniques, and Joseph Brac discovered fixed gases (carbon dioxide) in the mid-18th century. This finding is especially important because it empirically proves that air is not just a single substance, and it is recognized that gas is an important experimental substance. At the end of the 18th century, Henry Cavendish and Joseph Priestley further proved that the atmosphere is not an element but a mixture of several different gases. Lavoisier is more attractive to 19th century scientists by using a new nomenclature to translate the names of chemicals. It also changed in the atmosphere at which an industrial revolution increased public interest in learning and practicing chemistry. When describing the work of reshaping chemical nomenclature, Antoine-Laurent de Lavoisier tried to use the more exaggerated requirements to set the new core of chemists: We must clean house thoroughly, for they have made use of an enigmatical language peculiar to themselves, which in general presents one meaning for the adepts and another meaning for the vulgar, and at the same time contains nothing that is rationally intelligible either for the one or for the other.
The last-order revolution was promoted by Lavoisier in 1789 by Traité Élémentaire de Chimie (chemical element). Others began to follow up with this publication, Lavoisier integrated the research of others and created the word "oxygen". He also explained the theory of combustion and challenged phlogiston with his view of heat. Traité adopted the concept of new chemistry and described the experiment and the reasons that led to his conclusion. Like Newton's "Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy" is the climax of the scientific revolution, Lavoisi's Traité can be regarded as the climax of the chemical revolution.