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What are the symptoms after burning sodium hydroxide and potassium hydroxide?

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What are the symptoms after burning sodium hydroxide and potassium hydroxide?

Description of symptoms after sodium hydroxide and potassium hydroxide burns

  Most hydroxides in chemistry are highly alkaline, so irritation and corrosion are also very strong, once in contact with human skin will cause irreparable damage, very serious. Sodium hydroxide and potassium hydroxide are two kinds of hydroxides that are used more in daily life, and they are also alkaline substances that cause greater damage to the skin. Below is a small compilation to describe the symptoms of burns with these two types of substances.


odium hydroxide and potassium hydroxide burns


  The injury mechanism of alkali burns is that alkali has a water absorption effect, so that local cells are dehydrated, alkali ions and tissue proteins form alkali-denatured protein complex, saponify adipose tissue, saponization of heat can make deep tissue continue to damage. Because the alkali-denatured protein complex is soluble, it can further penetrate the alkali ions into the deep tissue, causing damage.

  The depth of caustic alkali burns is usually more than two degrees deep, with severe sting. Soluble necrosis makes the wound face continue to deepen, caramel is soft, is sticky "soap-like" or "rotten tofu" -like changes, infected with the same as the sepsis of the wound. Nails will become thin and lose their luster when they come into contact with caustic saline, making the nails flat to spoon nails. The contact of thin solution can dry, crack and molt the skin. Steam from caustic saline is strongly irritated to the eyes and upper respiratory tract and can cause burns to the eyes and upper respiratory tract.

  The above is the symptoms of sodium hydroxide and potassium hydroxide after the burn description, such substances will damage the texture of the skin, serious cases can even cause death, so we must be timely treatment. In addition, because their corrosive effect on other kinds of substances also have a certain destructive effect, the use of high value, therefore, the follow-up must be reasonable use of the line.


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